Additional Information: This well used drum simply carved comes probably from the Aka/Asante people of the Ghana. Drums such as this were part of a drum ensemble fontomfrom or bommaa played at the court of the chief. Atumpan is known as an ensemble of talking drums, among the Akan people. This band is composed of lead drum, male, female, and child drums and other supporting drums. Among the Fante people, the lead drum is most likely a female drum also known as "queen Mother. Our drum was probably used as supporting male drum. The lead drum takes the direction of the rhythm, supporting drums accompany the lead and respond to it in a sophisticated dialog between the lead drummer and other. Each drum produces different sound: low or high depending on its role in the band. The lead drum also calls to change the song or the song, the rhythm of music and the dance.
Elaborate drums such as this were played during during initiation ceremonies, popular festivals, at funerals and wedding, and in other social gatherings to entertain the people. The implication of drums in religion is that the sound produced by drums help communicate with the other world and appease the spirits of other world. The drummer would use his hands to beat on the skin of the drum to obtain different tones that will resonate with depth or to produce sharp high notes.
Marie-Therese Brincard (ed, ) Sounding Forms African Musical Instruments, 1989, The American Federation of Arts