Additional Information: A wonderful drum! The drum is in the form of a standing female without the head and the arms. the standing body wears a leather cache-sexe decorated with beads and cowrie shells. All these motifs elevate the status of the drum, which origin is unclear. Drums with female body were found among the Akan Asante or Fante. Geometric designs as well as the reed seeds encrusted in breasts and in Bali suggest a Makonde origin.
An example of a drum in a female body form with pointed breasts is published in Marie-Therese Brincard. Sounding Forms. African Musical Instruments. , fig. 50
The Akan people are well-know for their dramatic drums usually represented by female figures and features. Among the Fante people, the lead drum is most likely a female drum also known as "queen Mother. It is supported by a male smale drum. The lead drum takes the direction of the rhythm, supporting drums accompany the lead and respond to it in a sophisticated dialog between the lead drummer and other. Each drum produces different sound: low or high depending on its role in the band. The lead drum also calls to change the song or the song, the rhythm of music and the dance.
Elaborate drums such as this were played during during initiation ceremonies, popular festivals, at funerals and wedding, and in other social gatherings to entertain the people. The implication of drums in religion is that the sound produced by drums help communicate with the other world and appease the spirits of other world.
This is a wonderful drum that could become a centerpoint of any serious collection.
Ihave examined this piece and agree with the description
Niangi Batulukisi, PhD