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Dan Bird Mask with Beak Liberia African Art

Regular Price: $145.00

Special Price: $72.50

Product #: 110975
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Title Dan Bird Mask with Beak Liberia African Art
Type of Object Mask
Country of Origin Cote D'Ivoire, Liberia
People Dan
Materials Wood, pigment
Approximate Age 20th century
Dimensions Height: 8 Inches
Width: 4 Inches
Depth: 6 Inches
Overall Condition Fair
Damage/Repair evidence of arrested bug damage. chips


 


Additional Information: This small mask continues the motif of birds and bird beaks in Dan art, although it's features are unique.  It is a cross between man and bird, with a human nose and eyes, but a ridged beak instead of lips and tongue.  Adorned with an attractive, dark patina.  


The Dan people, who live in Liberia and the Ivory Coast, are governed largely by secret societies. The Leopard Society acts as a major regulator of Dan life, and initiates young men. Famous for their masks, the Dan believe that spirits, known as "Du," live in the forests and manifest themselves to humans in masks and masquerades, instructing and sustaining the Dan in life. Thus masks are used as agents of social control. Among the Mau masks with hornbill horns are used in the man's association, Koma. And are said to represent the spirits of bush called to establish order and are intended to exert a certain social control and chase away evil forces.


Recommended Reading: E. Fischer and Hans Himmelheber: "The Arts of the Dan in West Africa," (Zurich, 1984) E. Fischer “Dan Forest Spirits: Masks in Dan Villages”, African Arts, II, no. 2, 1978. pp. 16-23, 94 B. C. Johnson: "Four Dan Sculptors: Continuity and Change," (San Francisco, 1986)