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Ethnic Groups




Adja (Ada)

Location: Benin/Togo border area
Population: Est 500,000
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Ambete (Mbete)

Location: Gabon and Republic of the Congo
Population: Unknown
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Anyi (Agni)

Location: Coastal Region of Southern Cote d'Ivoire
Population: Est 100,000
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Asante

Location: Southern Ghana
Population: 1.5 million
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Attye (Attie,Akye,Atye)

Location: Coastal Region of Southern Cote d'Ivoire
Population: Est 55,000
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Baga

Location: Coastal Guinea and Guinea-Bissau
Population: 45,000
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Bamana (old name "Bambara")

Location: Central Mali
Population: 2.5 million
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Bamileke

Location: Grasslands of Western Cameroon
Population: 8,000,000
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Bassa

Location: Central Liberia
Population: Disputed Est 400,000
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Baule

Location: Central Cote d'Ivoire
Population: 400,000
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Bena Biombo (Biombo)

Location: SE Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: Unknown
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Bena Lulua

Location: Southeastern DRC
Population: 300,000
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Bidjogo (Bissagos Islands)

Location: Scattered Islands of Coastal Guinea-Bissau
Population: 20,000
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Bongo

Location: Southern Sudan, DRC(?), Western Tanzania(?)
Population: Less than 200,000
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Buyu (Babuye, Babuyu, Basikasingo, Boyo)

Location: Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: Unknown
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Bwa

Location: Central Burkina Faso/Eastern Mali
Population: 300,000
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Chokwe

Location: SW Dem. Rep. of Congo/Angola/Zambia
Population: 1.6 million
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Dan

Location: Cote d'Ivoire and Liberia
Population: 350,000
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Dogon

Location: Mali
Population: 400,000 est.
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Ebrie

Location: Coastal Region of Southern Cote d'Ivoire
Population: Est 35,000
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Ekonde (Mongo-Ekonde, Ekonda)

Location: Kasai Region of the Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: Uncertain, but at least 1,000,000
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Ewe

Location: Coastal Ghana and Togo
Population: Est 1.5 million
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Fang

Location: Southern Gabon, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea
Population: 800,000
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Fante

Location: Coastal Ghana
Population: Undetermined
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Fon

Location: Southern Benin and Togo
Population: Unknown
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Fulani

Location: Guinea, Burkina Faso, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, Chad.
Population: Est. 14 million
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Guro

Location: Western Cote d'Ivoire
Population: 200,000
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Hausa

Location: Nigeria, Niger
Population: 15 million
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Hemba

Location: SE Democratic Rep of Congo
Population: Estimated 80,000
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Ibibio

Location: Southeastern Nigeria
Population: 1,000,000
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Idoma

Location: Central Nigeria
Population: Est 300,000
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Igbo

Location: SE Nigeria
Population: 8 million
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Ijo (Ijaw)

Location: Niger Delta region, Nigeria
Population: Est 200,000 to 300,000
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Ituri Rainforest

Location: Far Eastern Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: Unknown, composed of many small groups
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Kissi

Location: Guinea, small areas of Sierra Leone and Liberia
Population: 350,000
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Kongo (BaKongo)

Location: SW Democratic Rep of Congo, Angola, Rep of Congo
Population: 2,000,000
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Kota (BaKota, Mahongwe, Sango, Obamba, Shamaye)

Location: Eastern Gabon
Population: 75,000
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Kurumba (Fulse, Kouroumba)

Location: Northern Burkina Faso
Population: Est 20,000
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Kwele (BaKwele, Kouele)

Location: Eastern Gabon, Rep of Congo, Cameroon border areas
Population: Scattered and unknown
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Kwere

Location: East Central Tanzania
Population: Estimated 50,000
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Lega (Warega)

Location: Eastern Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: Estimated 200,000
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Lobi

Location: Burkina Faso, small areas of Mali, Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana
Population: Estimated near 200,000
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Luba

Location: SE Democratic Republic of Congo
Population: 200,000 to 1,000,000
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Lwalwa

Location: SE Democratic Rep of Congo
Population: 20,000
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Lwena (Luena, Lovale)

Location: Angola, southern Democratic Rep of Congo, western Zambia
Population: 400,000
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Makonde

Location: NE Mozambique and SE Tanzania
Population: 500,000
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Mambila

Location: Eastern Nigeria, NW Cameroon
Population: 20,000
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Mangbetu

Location: NE Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: 40,000
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Mbala

Location: SW Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: 60,000
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Mbole

Location: Central Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: 150,000
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Mbunda

Location: Western Zambia
Population: Unknown
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Mbuti

Location: Ituri Forest region, NE Democratic Rep of the Congo
Population: Nomadic/Unknown
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Mende

Location: Southern Sierra Leone
Population: 700,000
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Moba

Location: NE Ghana and NW Togo
Population: Estimated 500,000
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Mossi

Location: Central Burkina Faso
Population: 3.5 million
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Mumuye

Location: Eastern Nigeria
Population: Estimated 70,000
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Nupe

Location: Central Nigeria
Population: Est. 1.0 million
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Pare

Location: North-Central Tanzania
Population: Unknown
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Punu (Puno)

Location: Southern Gabon, Republic of the Congo
Population: 40,000
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Songye

Location: Southeastern DRC
Population: 150,000
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Tabwa

Location: Southeastern Democratic Rep of Congo
Population: 200,000
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Tiv

Location: Benue State, Cross River Region, SE Nigeria into Cameroon
Population: Disputed, but large, 1,000,000 to 2,000,000
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Toma

Location: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone
Population: 200,000
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Tuareg (Touareg)

Location: Sahara Nomads (Mali, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Niger)
Population: Unknown, perhaps 200,000, but declining
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Woyo

Location: SW Tip of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Population: Unknown
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Yaure (Yaoure)

Location: Central Cote d'Ivoire
Population: 20,000
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Yombe (Kiyombe)

Location: Far NW Tip of Democratic Rep of the Congo and Rep of Congo
Population: 350,000
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Yoruba

Location: SW Nigeria
Population: Perhaps 20,000,000
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Zande (Azande)

Location: NE Democratic Rep of Congo/Sudan/Central African Republic
Population: Est. 750,000
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Zaramo

Location: East-Central Tanzania
Population: 200,000
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Zigua

Location: Northeast Coastal Tanzania
Population: Less than 200,000
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Zulu

Location: ZwaZulu-Natal Province, Eastern South Africa
Population: 3,000,000
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