|Title||Ethiopian Scroll African Art 55 Inch|
|Type of Object||Artifact|
|Country of Origin||Ethiopia|
|Materials||Ink, paper or vellum|
|Approximate Age||20th century|
|Overall Condition||Fair. Most of our pieces have spent decades on at least two continents, and have been treasured by several owners. Please look carefully at the pictures which may also reveal condition and damage.|
|Damage/Repair||Torn edge, creased surface, and water damage.|
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Each kitabe was worn for a man's lifetime. It was written for one particular person. The text was in Ethiopic (Ge'ez), a Semitic language that is no longer spoken, but is still used for liturgical and other religious purposes by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The scrolls inside are occasionally paper, but are most often vellum, usually calfskin, prepared by a lengthy exposure in lime, scraped with a rounded knife and finally rubbed smooth with pumice stone. The vellum is often scored with a pin, and they are written in black ink with titles and holy names often being in red.The subjects of these "Bibles" are always Christian, but actual content varies. It is difficult to date these pieces, which were made as early as the fourteenth century and continued through about 1850.