|Title||Heddle Pulley with Spindle Ivory Coast African Art|
|Type of Object||Artifact/Heddle Pulley|
|Country of Origin||Ivory Coast|
|Approximate Age||20th Century|
|Dimensions||8.25 inches tall x 3 inches wide|
|Overall Condition||Fair. Most of our pieces have spent decades on at least two continents, and have been treasured by several owners. Small splits, scrapes and cracks are a normal part of their patina attesting to their age and extensive use. We examine each piece carefully when we receive it and report any damage we find in our listings. Please look carefully at the pictures which may also reveal condition and damage.|
|Damage/Repair||General wear, scuffed patina, cracks, small holes on spool; see pictures for detail.|
Additional information: A heddle pulley with a dark brown finish. The spool is still intact. The origins of this particular pulley are unknown, but we believe it is likely Guro, Dan, or Baule.
Heddle pulleys are used in weaving cloth out of native grown cotton and are often sculpted with symbolic imagery. The cord attaching the pulley to the loom was passed through the holes in the head and would be tied to a crossbar of the loom. The roller (generally an old thread spool) over which another cord moved up and downwards was held in place between the two legs of the pulley by a small stick pushed through the center hole of the spool from one leg to the other. The heddle pulley is an integral component for the double-shed loom so common in West Africa where it would open spaces so that the warp (the lengthwise threads) would be separated from the weft threads (horizontal or crossing threads) to allow a shuttle to pass through with the weft threads.