|Title||11 Kiffa Glass Beads Old Mauritanian Africa Loose|
|Other Names||Trade beads, floral bead|
|Type of Object||Powder glass over a core|
|Made In||Beads made in Kiffa, Mauritania|
|Approximate Age||Late 19th-Early 20th Century|
|Overall Condition||Fair to good. Some of our beads have traveled at least three continents, and have graced numerous owners. Small chips, corrosion, and pitting are a normal part of their patina attesting to their age and extensive use.|
|Damage/Repair||Extensive pitting, chips, surface scratches, chips and general wear. Some beads have been repainted.|
|Bead Size||10-16 mm wide. See picture with penny for size comparison.|
|Strand Length||26 inches (includes string/raffia).|
Additional information: For more information, please see our comprehensive guide to African-made beads, African Beads: Jewels of a Continent, hardcover, 216 pages, 163 color photographs, available from Africa Direct.
The art of making traditional Kiffa beads is gone. Such beads were originally made in Kiffa, Mauritania. They were used as hair adornments by Kiffa women. Nodody is really certain of the age of this period of Kiffa bead making. Most of the experts in this field date it to the early 1900s through to the 1940s.
Traditional Kiffa beads were individually produced by hand, with a central core made out of various materials. This core was sometimes made from dark gray powdered glass and sometimes non-glass materials. Using a needle and spit, tiny portions of red or blue or yellow or white powdered glass were laboriously applied to the bead core. This was done over and over again until the beads were totally covered with this outer layer of powdered glass. The semi-finished beads were then "cooked" over outdoor open fires until the powdered glass fused.
By the end of the 20th century, the secrets of this traditional process had been lost.