|Title||Bakongo Mask Villi Painted Congo African Art Custom Stand|
|Type of Object||Wound and decorated glass|
|Country of Origin||Democratic Republic of Congo|
|Approximate Age||Mid 20th century|
|Dimensions||2.5-2.75 inches inner diameter to 2.75-3 inches outer diameter|
|Overall Condition||Fair. Most of our pieces have spent decades on at least two continents, and have been treasured by several owners. Please look carefully at the pictures which may also reveal condition and damage.|
|Damage/Repair||Worn pigment, cracks|
Additional Information: An expressive mask, the facial features are carved with great concern for detail and naturalistic expression that are often found in the masks of the Villi. Masks are used during initiations and funerals of important individuals, or they may have social control functions or used by diviners and healers. When used by diviners the mask exercised power in the same fashion as the well-known nkissi figures (also known as nail fetishes). The subtle relief carving of the face with the prominent mouth showing carved teeth add to the character of this mask. Among neighboring Kongo peoples red is used for bravery, male potency; black for darkness and white to illustrate illumination and knowledge or femininity, fertility and social harmony. White also makes reference to female ancestral spirits known as simbi. The inner side of the mask is smoothed reflecting use over an extended period of time.
J. Cornet; Art of Africa, Treasures from the Congo. 1971
E. M. Maurer and Niangi, B.: Spirits Embodied: Art of the Congo. 1999.
Art of the Congo, Walker Art Center