|Title||Grebo Protection Mask with Horns Liberia Africa|
|Type of Object||Protection Mask|
|Country of Origin||Liberia|
|Materials||Wood, pigment, bovine leather, metal|
|Approximate Age||20th century|
|Dimensions||Height: 21 Inches
Width: 8.5 Inches
Depth: 7 Inches
|Overall Condition||Fair. Most of our pieces have spent decades on at least two continents, and have been treasured by several owners. Small splits, scrapes and cracks are a normal part of their patina attesting to their age and extensive use. We examine each piece carefully when we receive it and report any damage we find in our listings. Please look carefully at the pictures which may also reveal condition and damage.|
|Damage/Repair||worn and dried leather, scrapes, chips, cracks. Rusted metal. Arrested bug damage|
Additional Information: Little is known about the use of masks among the Grebo other than the fact that they are said to have been worn during wars by leaders as a kind of military costume. The masks were worn by the leaders of a warrior’s age set to lead warriors and terrify the enemy. Though not worn for warfare today they are worn at the funeral ceremonies of elders. The animal skin attached to the mask has due to age and use has lost most of the hairs originally shown on the mask.
The Grebo live in southeast Liberia at the border with the Ivory Coast, with the Bassa people on their west and the Bete and We to their east in the Ivory Coast. Grebo masks are best known for their influence on early western modern art being found in the collection of Picasso who obtained a Grebo mask from his dealer Kahnweiler in Paris. There is no doubt as to the influence of the Grebo style mask upon the development of western art for they are a complete example of geometry in sculpture with the flat face, square mouth, rounded forehead, triangular nose and tubular eyes. The startling geometry of this mask with the double lines of tube shaped eyes each, flanking the strong profile of the nose under the large bulging forehead and protruding lips is indeed a tour-de-force of sculpture. Little is known about the use of masks among the Grebo other than the fact that they are said to have been worn during wars by leaders as a kind of military costume. The masks were worn by the leaders of a warrior’s age set lead and terrify the enemy. Though not worn for warfare today they are worn at the funeral ceremonies of elders. Such masks were worn on the face as seen in the eyeholes drilled on either side of the nose or on each side of the eyes. In the past, other larger Grebo masks were worn on the top of the head as a kind of helmet.
see: G.W. Harley, "Masks as Agents of Social Control in Northeast Liberia (1950) W.C. Siegmann and C.E. Schmidt, "Rock of the Ancestors" (1977).
Jacques Kerchache et al. ART OF AFRICA