|Title||Kuba Mask Helmet Horns Congo African Art on Stand|
|Type of Object||Mask|
|Country of Origin||Democractic Republic of Congo|
|Materials||Wood, glass beads, cowrie shells, raffia fibers|
|Approximate Age||20th Century|
|Dimensions||Height: 12 Inches
Width: 12 Inches
Depth: 12 Inches
34 inch height on stand
|Damage/Repair||Cracks, chips and a well worn patina|
Additional Information: An elaborate, handwoven Kuba Helmet mask. The hat is heavily embroidered with cowrie shells and glass trade beads in colorful patterns. The composition of the cowrie shells follows the BaKuba favored style of decorative art.
Kuba hats are worn by the Kings, his dignitaries, and by titled women. These headdresses are insignia of status and social rank.They also intend to demonstrate royal health and power. Within Kuba culture, cowrie shells and beads are associated to the wealth and power of the kingship.
See similar example in Patricia Darish and David Binkley, "Headdresses and titleholding Among the Kuba", in CROWNING ACHIEVEMENTS (Arnoldi & Kreamer eds.), fig. 9.16, p. 168
For more information see Joseph, Cornet, Art Royal Kuba, 1982, Edizioni Sipiel: Milano; Mack's EMIL TORDAY AND THE ART OF THE CONGO 1900-1909.; Patricia Darish and David Binkley, " Headdresses and titleholding Among the Kuba", pp. 159-169 in CROWNING ACHIEVEMENTS (Arnoldi & Kreamer eds.). For a superb article on Kuba royal dress, with a number of examples, see Joseph Cornet's article in the CD ART AND LIFE IN AFRICA