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Salampasu Mask Copper Covered Congo African Art

Product #: 100573
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Title Salampasu Mask Copper Covered Congo African Art
Country of Origin Democratic Republic of the Congo
People Salampasu
Materials Wood, pigments, reed fibers, copper sheeting, and hand twisted rope
Approximate Age 20th Century
Dimensions 15 inches H. x 9.5 inches W. x 10.5 inches D.; 4 inch beard.
Overall Condition Good. Most of our pieces have spent decades on at least two continents, and have been treasured by several owners.   Small splits, scrapes and cracks are a normal part of their patina attesting to their age and extensive use.  We examine each piece carefully when we receive it and report any damage we find in our listings.  Please look carefully at the pictures which may also reveal condition and damage.
Damage/Repair SHARP EDGES, loose reeds, general wear; see pictures for details.

Additional Information: 

Salampasu masks are easily identified by their bulging foreheads and balls wound of reeds which make up the headpiece and dangle from the chin. This is a strong  piece of art  with a domed forehead, a strong nose and a pointed chin. Copper sheeting is woven over the face., and balls hairstyle. The raffia netting work to the back holds the face and the coiffure.  The balls are made of reeds, and the rope in chin is handmade with raffia fibers.

Masks among the Salampasu are known under different names, Munkika, Kasangu and Mulandwa. This one is a Kasangu mask. All these masks were worn during initiation into the men’s warrior societies Idangani and Ibiku, during funeral ceremonies for dignitaries and in Boys' initiation and circumcision rituals. The dancer of this mask wears a knitted costume and holds a knife and antelope horns in his hands. See photo in Elisabeth Cameron (1988:34).

The Salampasu people who live east of the Kasai and on the upper western reaches of the Lulua River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and even flow over into Angola. They have had long term contact with the Lwalwa to the north and to the south the Lunda who they recognize by paying tributes to them. The Salampasu are best known for their powerfully aggressive masks covered with copper sheeting or with prominent carved scarifications patterns on the face. This mask is considered a classical and well-known style with the bulging forehead, deep undercut eyes and the strong rectangular mouth showing carved teeth. The face is covered with tiny copper sheets. The headdress with balls wound of reeds is typical of the Salampasu masks.